Emerging and unknown risks pose challenges for decision-makers and policymakers, because the potential benefits of new technologies must be balanced with the potential risks they pose.
Artificial intelligence (AI) is one such emerging risk. As AI becomes increasingly sophisticated, it raises important ethical and societal concerns about the role of machines in decision-making and the potential displacement of human control.
Black holes, nanotechnology, and quantum computing also present risks, as they involve phenomena that are not yet fully understood by scientists. Solar geo-engineering, which involves using technology to manipulate the Earth’s climate, is another example. While this technology may hold promise for mitigating the impacts of climate change, it also poses significant risks, such as unintended consequences and the potential for international conflict over the control of such technology.