A disaster is a sudden accident or a natural catastrophe that causes great damage or loss of life.

The United Nations' member states acknowledge that there is much to be gained from cooperating and sharing information on how to reduce or mitigate the consequences of accidents, emergencies, and managing climate change.

An important step in applying a systematic approach to identifying, assessing and reducing the risks of disaster was taken in 2015 at the World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction held in Sendai, Japan.

The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (2015-2030) is a document that been adopted by consensus after extensive negotiations between the UN’s member states. It sets four specific priorities for action:

  • Understanding disaster risk
  • Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk
  • Investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience
  • Enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response, and to "Build Back Better" in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction
An important step in applying a systematic approach to identifying, assessing and reducing the risks of disaster  (...)

Based on the priorities, the Sendai Framework aims to develop strategies to reduce the number of dead and affected, and diminish economic losses and damage to critical infrastructure, while providing common guidelines to increase the number of countries and municipalities cooperating and developing disaster risk strategies, and expanding early warning systems to the public by 2030.

The Sendai Framework stresses the importance of involving all stakeholders in society, be they public or private, global or local, and also contains a first mention of the need for a common financial plan for disaster risk reduction.

Global governance is a process of cooperative leadership that brings together national governments, multilateral public agencies, and civil society to achieve commonly accepted goals. It provides strategic direction to address global challenges.