GLOBAL GOVERNANCE AND THE EMERGENCE OF GLOBAL INSTITUTIONS FOR THE 21ST CENTURY  

Coordinator: Augusto Lopez-Claros 

What key structural changes are needed for the UN to effectively address today’s greatest challenges? This proposal suggests revising of the UN Charter to give the institution binding legislative, judicial and enforcement functions. The General Assembly should be complemented by a second Chamber representing global citizenry, an Executive Council should replace the Security Council, and international legal institutions should have compulsory jurisdiction.

A WORLD SECURITY COMMUNITY OF DEMOCRATIC NATIONS

Coordinator: Chris Hamer

How might we develop an effective model to build and maintain global peace and security? This proposal considers the transformation of NATO into a World Security Community, which any nation meeting a set of agreed criteria to qualify as a democracy could join. Acting strictly in conjunction with the Security Council, the new Community would form a powerful new force for peace in the world.

GETTING FROM HERE TO THERE  

Coordinator: Natalie Samarasinghe 

What practical actions could be taken right away to strengthen and transform global governance? Four hurdles have prevented change in the past – a lack of trust, collaboration and strategy, and insufficient focus on the problems we are trying to solve. This proposal aims to tackle them by creating a genuinely risk-based agenda for reform, supported by strategies for implementation and multi-stakeholder collaboration. 

PLANETARY CONDOMINIUM: THE LEGAL FRAMEWORK FOR THE COMMON HOME OF HUMANITY  

Coordinator: Paulo Magalhães 

How could we best give legal visibility to the work of nature in maintaining a stable Earth System? To address the failure of our economic systems to adequately value the work of nature, this proposal suggests establishing the Earth System as an intangible Common Heritage of Humankind. To ensure that this new common heritage can coexist with the legal regimes of state sovereignties, it could draw from the legal framework of the condominium, where functional integrity coexists with spatial separation – thus recognising the Planet as a common home for humanity.

UPHOLDING THE SAN FRANCISCO PROMISE: THE ROADMAP TO A CONSTITUTIONALISED UN

Coordinator: Shahr-yar Sharei

What mechanism could be harnessed in order to review and renew the UN charter without facing institutional gridlock? This proposal explores the possibility of triggering article 109 (3) in the UN Charter which, at the founding of the UN in San Francisco, made the promise of a complete review after ten years. This process could bypass opposition from the Permanent Members of the Security Council, and form the first step towards a constitutionalisation of the UN.